A team of American and British computer scientists have created an AI that is capable of predicting the outcome of human rights trials. The AI analyzed data using almost 600 cases from the European Court of Human Rights and was able to predict the courts judgment with a whopping 79% accuracy.
A study published in the journal PeerJ Computer Science, the AI analyzed 584 cases on prohibition on torture and degrading treatment, the right to a fair trial, and the right to respect for private and family life. The AI Analyzed case descriptions, legal arguments, case history, and related legislation. It then looks for patterns in the data that led to certain judgement such as severity of crimes.
“Results indicate that the ‘facts’ section of a case best predicts the actual court’s decision, which is more consistent with legal realists’ insights about judicial decision-making. We also observe that the topical content of a case is an important indicator whether there is a violation of a given Article of the Convention or not,” the researchers wrote in the study.
“We don’t see AI replacing judges or lawyers, but we think they’d find it useful for rapidly identifying patterns in cases that lead to certain outcomes. It could also be a valuable tool for highlighting which cases are most likely to be violations of the European Convention on Human Rights,” researcher Nikolaos Aletras, UCL, said a statement. “It could also be a valuable tool for highlighting which cases are most likely to be violations of the European Convention on Human Rights.”